Having got it for an excuse to play with node.js it was disappointing to find the included Angstrom Distribution couldn't even update to anywhere near the newest node.js version and so many tutorials referred to libraries which couldn't be used or didn't exist for it. Queue an embarrassing long time passing with it sitting idle on my desk...
Originally I had wanted to install Fedora, and while there is now support included with v20 (and postings suggesting it is possible to install), BeagleBone themselves have swapped to Debian so I will not fight against the officially chosen OS.
Here is my (work in progress) configuration to install Debian and get it up and running properly.
Follow the official instruction from beagleboard.org. Download the non eMMC flasher Debian image > Write to SD card > Power on (holding the boot button)
Login, Network, Users and Update
# log in for the first time (a. plug in the ethernet cable into a dhcp router and look on the attached devices list to find the IP or b. connect the device via USB to a PC and ssh to 192.168.7.2) ssh to 192.168.7.2 root # (no password) # set the ip address to be static * connmanctl services # *AO Wired ethernet_c8a030a89c67_cable connmanctl config ethernet_c8a030a89c67_cable --nameservers 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 --ipv4 manual 192.168.0.45 255.255.255.0 192.168.0.1 # <connection> <google dns> <ip address> <netmask> <gateway> # if you have used the network interface to connect in, this will now stop and you will have to reconnect on the ip you just specified # set the root password passwd # expand the image (as there is hardly any space on the 2GB one) # http://elinux.org/Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack_Debian and http://shrkey.com/expanding-your-ubuntu-microsd-partition/ cd /opt/scripts/tools/ git pull ./grow_partition.sh shutdown -r now resize2fs /dev/mmcblk0p1 df -h # Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on # rootfs 29G 1.5G 27G 6% / # update the system apt-get update apt-get install aptitude aptitude update aptitude full-upgrade cd /opt/scripts/tools/ git pull ./update_kernel.sh # add in an ssh key for easy access mkdir -p ~/.ssh nano ~/.ssh/authorized_keys # Paste in public key from puttygen (from the program display where there are no newlines etc.) chmod go-w ~/ ~/.ssh/ ~/.ssh/authorized_keys chmod 700 ~/.ssh/ chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys systemctl restart sshd.service
# remove services which are taking port 80 systemctl disable bonescript-autorun.service systemctl disable bonescript.service systemctl disable bonescript.socket systemctl disable cloud9.service systemctl disable cloud9.socket shutdown -r now netstat -tulpn # # port 80 and 3000 now no longer bound # tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:22 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 839/sshd # tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:3350 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 833/xrdp-sesman # tcp 0 0 0.0.0.0:3389 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 807/xrdp # tcp6 0 0 :::8080 :::* LISTEN 862/apache2 # tcp6 0 0 :::22 :::* LISTEN 839/sshd
Node.js Test Project
# add a new user/directory for the project mkdir /home/sites/ # -s : set users shell to bash (defaults to sh otherwise) # -d : custom path # -m : create the user's home directory useradd myproject -s /bin/bash -d /home/sites/myproject -m # log into the user su myproject mkdir ~/app/ && cd $_ nano helloworld.js # # add the HTTP helloworld from http://howtonode.org/hello-node # # don't use port 80 as only root can bind to this node helloworld.js # Server running at http://127.0.0.1:8000/ # # browse to 192.168.0.45:8000 in you browser and you should see # Hello World
# * the default way of setting up networking now seems to be to use connman, if you want to use the following /etc/network/interfaces (as per the current documentation) you will need to disable connman first or its dhcp setup rule will take precedence every time the device is rebooted systemctl disable connman.service systemctl stop connman.service nano /etc/network/interfaces # auto eth0 # iface eth0 inet static # address 192.168.0.45 # netmask 255.255.255.0 # network 192.168.0.0 # gateway 192.168.0.1