BeagleBone Black Debian Config

Having got it for an excuse to play with node.js it was disappointing to find the included Angstrom Distribution couldn't even update to anywhere near the newest node.js version and so many tutorials referred to libraries which couldn't be used or didn't exist for it. Queue an embarrassing long time passing with it sitting idle on my desk...

Originally I had wanted to install Fedora, and while there is now support included with v20 (and postings suggesting it is possible to install), BeagleBone themselves have swapped to Debian so I will not fight against the officially chosen OS.

Here is my (work in progress) configuration to install Debian and get it up and running properly.

Latest tested update: Debian 8.4 (2016-05-13 Image)


Follow the official instruction from Download the non eMMC flasher Debian image > Write to SD card > Power on (holding the boot button)

Login, Network, Users and Update

		#  log in for the first time (a. plug in the ethernet cable into a dhcp router and look on the attached devices list to find the IP or b. connect the device via USB to a PC and ssh to
		ssh to
		# (no password)

		# set the ip address to be static *
		connmanctl services
		# *AO Wired                ethernet_c8a030a89c67_cable
		connmanctl config ethernet_c8a030a89c67_cable --nameservers --ipv4 manual
		#                       <connection>                              <google dns>                  <ip address> <netmask>     <gateway>
		# if you have used the network interface to connect in, this will now stop and you will have to reconnect on the ip you just specified

		# set the root password

		# expand the image (as there is hardly any space on the 2GB one)
		# and
		cd /opt/scripts/tools/
		git pull
		shutdown -r now
		resize2fs /dev/mmcblk0p1
		df -h
		# Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
		# rootfs           29G  1.5G   27G   6% /

		# update the system
		apt-get update
		apt-get install aptitude
		aptitude update
		aptitude full-upgrade
		cd /opt/scripts/tools/
		git pull

		# add in an ssh key for easy access
		mkdir -p ~/.ssh
		nano ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
		# Paste in public key from puttygen (from the program display where there are no newlines etc.)
		chmod go-w ~/ ~/.ssh/ ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
		chmod 700 ~/.ssh/
		chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
		systemctl restart sshd.service


		# remove services which are taking port 80
		systemctl disable bonescript-autorun.service
		systemctl disable bonescript.service
		systemctl disable bonescript.socket
		systemctl disable cloud9.service
		systemctl disable cloud9.socket
		shutdown -r now
		netstat -tulpn
		# # port 80 and 3000 now no longer bound
		# tcp        0      0    *               LISTEN      839/sshd
		# tcp        0      0*               LISTEN      833/xrdp-sesman
		# tcp        0      0  *               LISTEN      807/xrdp
		# tcp6       0      0 :::8080                 :::*                    LISTEN      862/apache2
		# tcp6       0      0 :::22                   :::*                    LISTEN      839/sshd

Node.js Test Project

		# add a new user/directory for the project
		mkdir /home/sites/
		# -s : set users shell to bash (defaults to sh otherwise)
		# -d : custom path
		# -m : create the user's home directory
		useradd myproject -s /bin/bash -d /home/sites/myproject -m

		# log into the user
		su myproject
		mkdir ~/app/ && cd $_
		nano helloworld.js
		# # add the HTTP helloworld from
		# # don't use port 80 as only root can bind to this
		node helloworld.js
		# Server running at
		# browse to in you browser and you should see
		# Hello World


		# * the default way of setting up networking now seems to be to use connman, if you want to use the following /etc/network/interfaces (as per the current documentation) you will need to disable connman first or its dhcp setup rule will take precedence every time the device is rebooted
		systemctl disable connman.service
		systemctl stop connman.service
		nano /etc/network/interfaces
		# auto eth0
		#  iface eth0 inet static
		#     address
		#     netmask
		#     network
		#     gateway
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